Choose a Topic
1. Identify an area of interest
If you have been assigned a research paper or project, there are usually a wide range of topics that you can select for your assignment. Here are some ideas for topic generating.
- Examine the course syllabus, choosing a topic discussed in class.
- Identify a topic from course readings.
- Find a current event that relates to your topic through a newspaper or magazine article:
- Type your subject into Credo Reference, a collection of many reference sources, to find out more information on your topic. Your professor may not allow you to cite an encyclopedia article or other reference text as a scholarly source, but a good article can orient you to your subject, and you can find something that interests you to research.
2. Narrow the focus
One of the best ways to narrow your research focus is to locate a point of ongoing scholarly debate or any element of surprise. These points of debate or elements of surprise may:
- Be mentioned in reference books (see Credo Reference or use print reference books in the library).
- Appear in Wikipedia, by clicking on the "Talk" tab of a given topic.
- Be identified by looking at differences of opinion between scholars in articles, findable in databases like Academic Search Premier.
For example, let's imagine that you want to write about the novel The Golden Bowl, by Henry James. You discover in some preliminary reading that there is considerable scholarly disagreement about the meaning of the golden bowl as symbol. Now you have a narrowed focus: the meaning of the symbol of the golden bowl.
An advantage to identifying an ongoing scholarly debate or element of surprise as your narrowed topic is that it will likely generate interest on the part of the reader. You want to write about something that matters to your readers. Seek always to have impact.
3. Develop a research question
The next step is to extract a research question from your narrowed focus. This question will guide your research. If scholars are addressing a particular question, and have articulated that question, you could simply borrow that research question as your own. More often that not, however, a research question will need to be extrapolated.
For instance, if you're writing about the symbolism of the golden bowl in the Henry James novel, you could ask: What does the symbol of the golden bowl really mean? Your paper could present the differing views on the controversy, and possibly go on to present your own educated guess based on careful research.
Here's another example: Let's say you want to write about about Mormon polygamy, and scholars have focused time and again on the wives of polygamists, specifically their accounts of polygamy. You become interested in the accounts of Mormon women who speak favorably about polygamy as your narrowed focus. Asking how, what, or why can easily generate a question. What is it precisely that Mormon women found attractive about polygamy? Why did some women find polygamy rewarding where others found it to be insufferable?
4. Formulate a preliminary thesis
The preliminary thesis is the answer to your research question, based on what you uncover from your research.
The thesis statement should have impact. It should state something that is not obvious, that may come as a surprise to the reader. The whole point of a thesis is to to look at a topic in a new and interesting way, to say what has not been said before. This may be difficult to achieve in an undergraduate research paper, but it a worthy goal to aspire to.
5. Refine the thesis
The thesis statement may need to be refined as the research process continues.
Need more help with this? Ask a Librarian.